This is an umbrella term that seeks to encompass a wide variety of sexually and gender diverse identity concepts from numerous North American Indigenous cultures and languages. The word “two-spirit” is derived from the concept of having both a male and a female spirit. Many of the cultures traditionally recognized the existence of a third gender, and/or conceptualized gender in a way that is completely different from dominant Euro-North American society. In many Indigenous cultures, two- spirit people have historically been valued and revered for their unique gifts, and have held special roles in the community, including social, religious, and ceremonial duties.